Festival of colors in India
Continuing the section “Tourism ” subsection “India “, and remembering the article “a Celebration of elephants in India and ” and “Festival of lights in India “, we can assume that in this country there are other unusual for Europeans the holidays. And we are not mistaken. Today, on the eve of the Hindu New Year, we’ll be talking about this holiday as the Festival of colors in India . He noted, perhaps a bit smaller scale than the Fire festival, but nevertheless, he was very popular both in India and abroad. By the way, this holiday — and even the Bengali New Year .
Festival of colors in India occurs approximately six months after the feast of fire. That is, we can assume that the basis of these holidays are some natural regularities (European type Halloween and Beltane). However, now to find the roots of these two almost symmetrical holidays. Although since that time the festival of colors there are a lot of elements of primitive orgies in honour of the deities and forces of fertility, elements that are close to the holidays of various cultures. So, the roots are unknown, but you can learn the many legends associated with the festival of colors.
As we have said, an interesting festival of colors in India takes place around the world, giving people – the residents and natives of India ’ s freedom and emancipation. The festival has existed for over two millennia. It is held over two days, falling on the new moon, in late February-early March. Almost all the festivals of India, one way or another connected with the phases of the lunar cycle. And this particular holiday is associated with the end of winter. And the main event — this osypanie each other a variety of colors and colored water . which include, among other things, medicinal herbs. By the way, this festival of colors in India similar to Songkran — New Year in Thailand — a celebration of water and white talc.
Interesting festival of colors has its own name: the festival of Holi .
Previously, Holly was called Holika — was the name of the legendary sister of the king of demons, immune to fire. The king of demons (brother Holika) received as a gift from Brahma invulnerability – he could not be killed “day and night – neither in the house nor outside it, neither on earth nor in heaven – neither man nor animals”. As a result, he was so arrogant that he imagines himself the master of the Universe.
However, the son of the king of demons, Prahlada worshiped Vishnu, for which the father was angry at him and even made several unsuccessful attempts to murder. Finally, he ordered his sister Holika to put Prahlada on his knees and to sit with him at the fire. The fire must not cause the Holika harm but Prahlada began to seek help from Vishnu and got so burned that evil Holika — burned to the ground. The coolness was still alive, my whole life, then chanting Vishnu — God’s truth and laws.
According to another legend, the young Krishna was jealous of white complexion of Radha, as he was quite dark (in the figures generally draw blue — why?). Krishna asked his mother Yashoda about the cause of his swarthiness, in response, she jokingly asked him to smear the face of Radha in any color he wants. Krishna did. Probably, his wife answered the same. And now the image of Krishna and his consort Radha are taken out on the street and painted with colored powder — and at the same time people color each other.
In addition, Holi festival — it is a reminder of how Shiva struck his third eye of the God of love Kama, who tried to take him out of meditation, then Kama remained incorporeal. But at the request of the wife of Shiva and Parvati wife Rati Kama goddess (I wonder why they asked for the return of the physical body… Oh, I see, 18+ ) Shiva returned Kame body for 3 months out of the year. When Kama finds the body, and blossoms all around, happy people celebrating the most joyous holiday of love.
By the way, as we have said, the paint composition includes a variety of herbs. Why? It’s very simple: the weather in spring, even in India, changeable, therefore frequent colds and other similar diseases. So festive shedding medicinal herbs powders (neh, kumkum, Haldi, also bilva and other) it is recommended that the sacred healers of Ayurveda.
Holi festival is also often associated with the name of Krishna and his pastimes with the cowherd, which is reflected in the earthly world. Flirting young man and a girl during Holi celebrations — a favorite theme for the dance (more about Indian dance can be found in the article “the Magic of Indian dance “). The young man entices a woman, distracting her, she stares at something, and it is at this moment paramasivam her colored powder or pouring colored water. The girl is offended, he apologizes (characteristic gesture — takes on the earlobes). She forgives him and also in response pours colored water. A rare opportunity for young people at the General rigor of Indian mores.
In the evening of Holi kindle fires, and local celebrities singing and dancing, amusing the audience. The fires come national storytellers, telling of the great deeds of Vishnu flying on a giant bird Garuda — a Slayer of serpents. Like all of us, however. Only have fires less and no narrators. Oh yeah, also, the festival of colors devoted to the God of love Kamadeva, whose bow, according to traditional Hindu iconography, made from sugar cane, arrows — from the stems of flowers, and the string consists of a swarm of buzzing bees.
And if on Diwali (the festival of lights in India ) eaten a ton of sweets on Holi all drunk by bhange — beverage, comprising either the juice or the leaves of hemp and dairy products. Varieties of bhange: bhange Lassi — yogurt with the juice of hemp leaves, thandai Lassi — a mixture of milk, sugar, spices, almonds and, of course, leaves (juice) of cannabis.
The night before the second day of the feast bred a huge bonfire on which to burn Holika. In the morning people go to the street, and the fun begins – all over each other colored water of the red, green, yellow, blue and black colour and throws colored powders. Before the necessary fixtures and materials – dyes, bamboo sprinklers, powders – were made alone, now you can buy them in stores. To be offended by those who poured your suit, this day is not accepted, so Prim cleanie at all avoid going outside (the street is also brightly decorated – colors and elegant fabrics).
Accordingly, during this holiday people try to dress as simply as possible, not to Shine outfits and decorations because the most important decoration at the festival – this multicolor happy smiles and a very colorful “outfit”. The more the participant colored paint, the greater the blessing, which endows his gods.
With the festival of Holi is associated with the veneration of the tree, called “Tulsi”, especially the one on which grow red — the color of fire — colors. It is almost leafless, and the flowers are large, a bit like Magnolia. They are collected, dried and then ground into powder. Then, on the day of the feast, paint this paint the hands and face.
So, the festival of colors in India includes many legends of its origin. It is highly likely that these legends originated in different tribes in relation to their own holidays. And then, at the unification of the tribes in the state, came together and holidays. While various legends remained a reminder of the days when there was no unity.
Thus, the festival of colors in India — is not only a beautiful holiday, but also a symbol of bringing people together.